ប្រវត្តិអ្នកប្រាជ្ញ

សម្តេចព្រះសង្ឃរាជ ជូន​ ណា 

(មានព្រះជន្ម ៨៦ព្រះវស្សា)

ព្រះ​នាម​ពេ សម្ដេច​ព្រះ​មហា​សុមេធាធិបតី ជួន ណាត (ជោតញ្ញាណោ) សម្ដេច​ព្រះ​សង្ឃ​រាជ​ថ្នាក់​ទី​១ នៃ​គណៈ​មហា​និកាយ
ឋានៈ សម្ដេច​ព្រះ​សង្ឃ​រាជ
ប្រសូត ១១ មីនា ១៨៨៣
សុគត ២៥ កញ្ញា ១៩៦៩

Sir Isaac Newton

Godfrey Kneller’s 1689 portrait of Isaac Newton
(aged 46)
Born 4 January 1643(1643-01-04)
[OS: 25 December 1642]
Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth
Lincolnshire, England
Died 31 March 1727 (aged 84)
[OS: 20 March 1726]
Kensington, Middlesex, England
Residence England
Fields physics, mathematics, astronomy, natural philosophy, alchemy, Christian theology
Institutions University of Cambridge
Royal Society
Royal Mint
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge
Academic advisors Isaac Barrow
Benjamin Pulleyn
Notable students Roger Cotes
William Whiston
Known for Newtonian mechanics
Universal gravitation
Infinitesimal calculus
Optics
Binomial series
Newton’s method
Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica
Influences Henry More
Polish Brethren
Influenced Nicolas Fatio de Duillier
John Keill
Signature
Is. Newton
Notes: His mother was Hannah Ayscough. His half-niece was Catherine Barton.

James Clerk Maxwell

James Clerk Maxwell (aged 48)
Born 13 June 1831(1831-06-13)
Edinburgh, Scotland
Died 5 November 1879 (aged 48)
Cambridge, England
Nationality British
Fields Physics and mathematics
Institutions Marischal College, Aberdeen, UK
King’s College London, UK
University of Cambridge, UK
Alma mater University of Edinburgh, UK
University of Cambridge, UK
Academic advisors William Hopkins
Notable students George Chrystal
Known for Maxwell’s equations
Maxwell distribution
Maxwell’s demon
Maxwell’s discs
Maxwell speed distribution
Maxwell’s theorem
Maxwell material
Generalized Maxwell model
Displacement current
Notable awards Smith’s Prize (1854)
Adams Prize (1857)
Rumford Medal (1860)
Signature


Michael_Faraday

Engraving by John Cochran after a portrait by Henry William Pickersgill, ca. 1820
Born 22 September 1791(1791-09-22)
Newington Butts, Surrey, England
Died 25 August 1867 (aged 75)
Hampton Court, Surrey, England
Residence England
Nationality British
Fields Physics and chemistry
Institutions Royal Institution
Known for Faraday’s law of induction
Electrochemistry
Faraday effect
Faraday cage
Faraday constant
Faraday cup
Faraday’s laws of electrolysis
Faraday paradox
Faraday rotator
Faraday-efficiency effect
Faraday wave
Faraday wheel
Lines of force
Influences Humphry Davy
William Thomas Brande
Notable awards Royal Medal (1835 & 1846)
Copley Medal (1832 & 1838)
Rumford Medal (1846)
Signature


André-Marie Ampère

André-Marie Ampère (1775-1836)
Born 20 January 1775(1775-01-20)
Parish of St. Nizier, Lyon, France
Died 10 June 1836 (aged 61)
Marseille, France
Residence France
Nationality French
Fields Physics
Institutions Bourg-en-Bresse
École Polytechnique
Known for Ampere’s Law
            Notes                      Discoveries

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